Biomimetics: Present Technologies and Future Challenges
Department of Applied Animal Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University), Vidya Vihar, Raebareli Road, Lucknow, India.
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Nature, with its remarkable ability to achieve maximal performance with minimum resources, and highly effective and efficient biological mechanisms, has always amazed and inspired us humans to copy, imitate and adapt the materials, processes and systems from nature to make improvements in our life. Biomimetics is the study of nature and natural phenomena to understand the principles of underlying mechanisms, to obtain ideas from nature, and to apply the various biological concepts for the benefit of mankind. Newer and advanced knowledge and increasing insights into the living world and their processes has also given thrust to the tremendous advancements and capabilities in the fields of science and technology. As technology evolves further, there is an expectation that more numbers of tools, mechanisms and functions that emulate the capabilities of living organisms will emerge and impact every aspect of our lives. This paper reviews the various aspects of biomimetics and outlines the present technologies inspired by nature while throwing light on the challenges and future possibilities for science, engineering and medicine.